[China Agricultural Machinery Industry News Network this year, by the powerful impact of El NiÃ±o, in the south early flood season, the emergence of the phenomenon of natural disasters, increase the risk of major wheat pest and disease outbreaks. In response to the severe situation of re-emergence of wheat pests and diseases, the Ministry of Agriculture is based on the fight against disasters and the harvest, organizes the "anti-disease and pest control" campaign, and strives to "graze the grain" to ensure a good harvest.
Helping to save the wheat and stage the "human bug"
This year, affected by the strong El NiÃ±o, the flood season in the southern region is early and the rain is too high. The temperature in North China, the northern part of Huanghuai and the northwestern part of the country is high and the precipitation is less, which increases the risk of outbreaks of major pests and diseases of wheat such as scab and ear mites. . It is expected that the pests and diseases in the middle and late stages of wheat will be re-emerged. Among them, wheat scab is a pandemic in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, in the south of the Yangtze River, in the southern part of the Yangtze River, and in the southern part of the Yellow River and Huaihai.
In response to the severe situation of re-emergence of wheat pests and diseases, the Ministry of Agriculture has set foot on disaster prevention and harvest, organized â€œanti-disease and pest controlâ€, strengthened monitoring and early warning, implemented prevention and control measures, and spared no efforts to â€œgrass the grainâ€ to ensure the harvest of summer grain. .
- Strengthen monitoring and early warning. At the beginning of this year, 362 regional stations for wheat pest detection and reporting were organized to systematically monitor the number of germs, pests and development progress, and comprehensively grasp the situation of bacterial sources and insect sources in the field. Subsequently, the trend of major pests and diseases of wheat was released this year, and the China Meteorological Administration issued a pandemic alert for wheat scab in the â€œWeather Forecastâ€ section of CCTV. In April, experts in production, scientific research, and meteorology were organized to further discuss the trends of major pests and diseases in the middle and late stages of wheat. Up to now, five issues have been issued for the forecast of wheat pests and diseases.
- Arrange for deployment as early as possible. In the spring of March, the Spring Crop Diseases and Insects Prevention and Control Work Conference was held to make specific arrangements for the prevention and control of major pests and diseases in wheat and rapeseed. Subsequently, the â€œAction Plan for Disease Prevention and Control of Insects and Harvestâ€ and the â€œTechnical Program for Prevention and Control of Major Pests and Diseasesâ€ were issued, and the target tasks, technical routes and work measures for the prevention and control of major pests and diseases of wheat and other crops were clearly defined, and scientific prevention and control were conducted in a timely manner. Recently, in view of the recurrence of scab and ear mites, the guidance on prevention and control of wheat scab was released, and a large-scale pest control meeting was held in Henan Province to re-mobilize, redeploy and re-control the prevention and control work. implement.
-- Vigorously promote the rule of defense. In conjunction with the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Finance will allocate 1.65 billion yuan of subsidies such as wheat "one spray three defenses" and wheat major pests and diseases, and support the local organizations to carry out the control of wheat major pests and diseases and green prevention and control. At the same time, the â€œDemonstration Program for the Specialization of Crop Diseases and Pest Control and Green Prevention and Control Integrationâ€ was issued, and 600 demonstration bases were established nationwide, relying on new agricultural management entities and pest control service organizations to integrate demonstration pests and diseases and pesticides. The quantity control technology model promotes the organic integration of green prevention and control technical measures and the unified prevention and governance organization to improve the control effect, efficiency and efficiency.
- Strengthen supervision and guidance. Recently, the Ministry of Agriculture sent five supervision teams to take the form of fragmentation, responsibility to people, daily contact and on-site supervision to carry out the prevention and control of major pests and diseases in the middle and late stages of wheat in 10 major wheat producing provinces. Supervise the inspection and guidance. At the same time, organize plant protection experts and technicians to go deep into the production line and carry out patrol technical guidance to ensure that the prevention and control work measures are in place and the prevention and control technical measures are implemented. (Original title: The Ministry of Agriculture is fully committed to the prevention and control of wheat pests and diseases, and strives to achieve "Bulk Harvest"
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